Gum disease is an inflammation of the gums that can progress to affect the bone that surrounds and supports your teeth. It is caused by the bacteria in plaque, a sticky, colorless film that constantly forms on your teeth.
There Are Three Stages Of Gum
4. Advanced Periodontitis
How Do I Know If I Have Gum Disease?
Gum disease can occur at any age, but it is most common among adults. If detected in its early stages, gum disease can be reversed so see your dentist if you notice any of the following symptoms:
*Gums that are red, puffy or swollen, or tender
*Gums that bleed during brushing or flossing
*Teeth that look longer because your gums have receded
*Gums that have separated, or pulled away, from your teeth, creating a pocket
*Changes in the way your teeth fit together when you bite
*Pus coming from between your teeth and gums
*Constant bad breath or a bad taste in your mouth
How Is Gum Disease Treated?
The early stages of gum disease can often be reversed with proper brushing and flossing.
Good oral health will help keep plaque from building up.
A professional cleaning by your dentist or hygienist is the only way to remove plaque that has built up and hardened into tartar calculus.
Your dentist or hygienist will clean or "scale" your teeth to remove the tartar above and below the gum line. If your condition
is more severe, a root planing or detoxification procedure may be performed.
Root planing helps to smooth irregularities on the roots of the teeth making it more difficult for plaque to deposit there.
By scheduling regular checkups, early stage gum disease can treated before it leads to a much more serious condition. If your condition is more advanced, treatment in the dental office will be required.
What Is Periodontal Disease?
Periodontal disease is a serious, chronic bacterial infection that attacks the gums and bones that support your teeth. Left untreated it leads to tooth loss and may contribute to heart disease, stroke, diabetes and pre-term f low birth weight infants.
By scheduling regular checkups, early stage gum disease can treated before it leads to a much more serious condition. If your condition is more advanced, treatment in the dental office will be required
Tooth decay is the process that results in a cavity (dental caries). It occurs when bacteria in your mouth make acids that eat away at a tooth. If not treated, tooth decay can cause pain, infection, and tooth loss.
How Do I Prevent Tooth Decay?
You can easily prevent tooth decay by brushing and flossing your teeth regularly, seeing your dentist for teeth cleaning and checkups, and avoiding foods that are high in sugar.
What Causes Tooth Decay?
The combination of bacteria and food causes tooth decay. A clear, sticky substance called plaque that contains bacteria is always forming on your teeth and gums. As the bacteria feed on the sugars in the food you eat, they make acids. The acids attack for 20 minutes or more after eating. Over a period of time, these acids destroy tooth enamel, resulting in tooth decay.
What Are the Symptoms of Tooth Decay?
Tooth decay usually does not cause symptoms until you have a cavity or an infected tooth.
When this occurs, a toothache is the most common symptom.
How Is It Treated?
Treatment for tooth decay depends on how bad it is. You may be able to reverse slight tooth decay by using fluoride.
To fix cavities caused by mild tooth decay, your dentist will fill the cavities caused by mild tooth decay with a tooth colored filling.
For more severe tooth decay, you may need a crown or root canal.
In extreme cases, your dentist may have to remove or extract the tooth.
What Is A Root Canal?
This procedure involves the removal of the nerve inside a tooth. When a root dies it needs to be removed from the inside the tooth to treat infection and as preventative maintenance. Most times, a crown is needed after a root canal procedure has been performed.
What is A Crown?
This is a type of restoration that caps
Or completely covers a tooth or dental implant. Most times crowns are needed when there is a large a cavity or after a tooth has had a root canal.
What is a Veneer?
This is a thin layer of porcelain or ceramic material placed over a tooth surface with removing little to no tooth structure. Often times veneers are placed for aesthetic reasons.
How Do I Take Care of My Denture?
Handling a denture requires care. It's a good idea to stand over a folded towel or a sink of water just in case you accidentally drop the denture. Brush the denture each day, to remove food deposits and plaque.
Brushing your denture helps prevent the appliance from becoming permanently stained.
It's best to use a brush that is designed for cleaning dentures. A denture brush has bristles that are arranged to fit the shape of the denture. A regular, soft-bristled toothbrush is also acceptable.
Avoid using a brush using with hard bristles, which can damage the denture.
Clean your dentures by thoroughly rinsing off loose food particles. Moisten the brush and apply the denture cleaner. Brush all denture surfaces gently to avoid damaging the plastic.
A denturist can recommend the proper method for keeping your dentures in good shape.
Will My Denture Need Adjusting?
Over time, adjusting the denture may be necessary. As you age, your mouth changes, which can affect the fit of the denture. Your bone and gum ridges can recede or shrink, resulting in a loose-fitting denture.
Repairs To My Denture?
You can do serious harm to your denture and to your health by trying to adjust or repair your denture.
A denture that is not made to fit precisely by a denturist can cause irritation and sores. Using a do-it-yourself kit can damage the appliance beyond repair, Glues sold over-the-counter often contain harmful chemicals and should not be used on a denture.
If your denture no longer fits properly, if it breaks, cracks or chips, or if one of the teeth becomes loose, see your denturist immediately. In many cases, denturist can make necessary adjustment or repairs, often on the same day.
How Often Should I See My Denturist?
Your denturist will advise you on frequency of dental visits. Regular dental check-ups and having your teeth and dentures professional cleaned are vital for maintaining a healthy smile